You may have heard that high-fiber, low-carb diets can lead to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
However, a recent study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology found that people who follow a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and whole grains do not increase their risk of diabetes.
What’s more, people who ate more carbohydrates and were also leaner had lower risk of type 2, even after adjusting for body mass index and other risk factors.
What do you need to know about this article?
What are the differences between high-carb and low-glycemic index diets?
High-carb, or “high-carbohydrate” diets are low in carbs.
Low-glycemia, or glycemic, is a measure of how quickly a person is able to tolerate sugar.
People who have a high-glycaemic index diet typically have diabetes.
Why do people who have diabetes and eat a high glycemic index diet benefit?
The high glycaemic-index diet reduces the amount of sugar that people can absorb through the small intestine.
As a result, they also have less glucose stored in the blood, which makes them more likely to get type 2 and lead to a greater risk of complications, including diabetes.
How do people with diabetes avoid insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that helps keep blood sugar levels within a safe range.
People with diabetes often need insulin to manage their blood sugar.
Insulin helps to keep blood glucose levels within healthy ranges.
If you are diabetic and don’t have insulin, you are less likely to develop type 2.
If your diabetes worsens or gets worse, you may be more likely develop type 1.
Are low-carbers better than high-carb dieters?
Low-carb is a diet low in carbohydrates, while high- carb is a high carbohydrate diet.
High- carb and low carb diets are not recommended for anyone with diabetes because they are both high in carbs, which increases your risk of insulin resistance.
Are there other health benefits to eating a low- or high-fat diet?
A low-fat, high-sugar diet may help prevent heart disease, hypertension, stroke and obesity.
A low fat, high carb diet may be good for weight loss, blood pressure control, diabetes prevention, and other benefits.
A high- glycemic-index, or low- glycaemia, diet may also be good.
Are high- fat, low carb, or high glyco- or low carbohydrate diets safe for people with type 2?
High glycemic and low glycaemias are not usually safe for most people.
People should be careful about the diet they eat.
If it’s low- fat and high- protein, it’s a good idea to check with your health care provider before starting.
For more on diabetes, see our Diabetes page.
Is there a difference between high glycemic- and low glucose-index diets?
A high glycation index diet is more likely than a low glycation to trigger insulin resistance, a condition in which the body doesn’t make enough of the sugar-based compounds that are needed for the body to use insulin effectively.
Low glycation-index or low glycemic diets may be safe for some people.
What happens if I eat too many carbs or lose weight?
This can lead your body to make more insulin, which can cause insulin resistance or even type 2 disease.
If this happens, you will need to increase your fat intake to avoid type 2 or risk developing diabetes.
Do high- and high carbohydrate diets cause cancer?
There are some studies that show a link between high sugar consumption and an increased incidence of breast, colon, prostate, and ovarian cancer.
But the majority of those studies did not include women with diabetes, so they cannot say if there is a link.
Are diets high in fruits, vegetables and nuts safe for diabetes?
The evidence for a link is not clear.
But studies that have found links between high fruit and vegetable consumption and type 2 risk have been limited.
The link between a high fruit or vegetable intake and type 1 diabetes is weak, and the link between an increase in fruits or vegetables and type 3 diabetes is uncertain.
Can I eat low- and moderate-carb diet without complications?
People are not likely to have an increased level of insulin if they eat a low carbohydrate diet, but there are some health risks that are associated with consuming a high carb.
Eating a low carb diet can cause you to gain weight and put more stress on your organs.
This is also known as insulin resistance and insulin resistance syndrome.
Foods high in sugar and fat can increase your risk for developing diabetes, as well as weight gain and diabetes complications.
Eating high-calorie, high sugar foods may increase your risks of diabetes complications as well.
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