The most important thing you can do to reduce your cholesterol is to get enough calories and eat more protein, according to a new study.
The researchers, led by the Department of Medicine at the University of Oxford, say that for a healthy person, the body can produce just about the same amount of cholesterol per day as it does during a normal diet.
In the study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, researchers from Oxford University, University College London and Imperial College London followed over 2,000 healthy adults for more than two years.
They tracked their cholesterol levels and compared them with those of their peers who had taken part in a similar study with the same dietary advice.
The researchers used data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey to estimate the daily dietary intake of saturated fat and cholesterol in the UK, along with other nutrients. “
It’s important that people are following the guidelines that are currently in place.”
The researchers used data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey to estimate the daily dietary intake of saturated fat and cholesterol in the UK, along with other nutrients.
This included the amount of dietary fat consumed, the total amount of carbohydrates, protein, fibre, iron, zinc, vitamins A and C and B12.
It also included how much protein the participant consumed and how much vitamin A and B1 they got from foods.
“The key finding of the study is that people who were following the recommendations of the diet and lifestyle advice of the UK Government were eating almost exactly the same number of calories and protein as those who were not, but the amount they were eating and the amount that they were getting from other nutrients was lower,” Dr Thompson said.
“This is important because this is the amount people who eat the diet have to take in to achieve a healthy weight.”
In the United States, dietary guidelines recommend eating at least 1,400 calories per day.
The study found that the average person who was following a diet recommended by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) had an average of 4,400 fewer calories and 2,100 fewer grams of saturated fats than those who weren’t following the advice.
“In addition, it appears that people in the US are eating less protein and more carbohydrate, which is potentially leading to a lower level of cholesterol,” Dr Thomson said.
People who were getting enough calories from protein were also more likely to be following a healthy eating plan.
However, the study did not find that people eating a diet that was recommended by health authorities or health professionals had any significant negative effects on their cholesterol.
“There was no evidence that eating a low-fat, high-protein diet would have any negative effect on their risk of heart disease,” Dr Stevenson said.
He said the study looked at how dietary advice affected cholesterol levels, not the amount consumed.
“People who are following a high-fat and high-carbohydrate diet, but eating less of the same food, and are not taking any cholesterol supplements, are likely to have lower cholesterol levels,” he said.
Dr Stevenson said the research also highlighted the importance of people making changes to their eating habits.
“It could have a big impact on their overall health, but it’s important to realise that people can change their diets to lower their cholesterol,” he explained.
If you or anyone you know is worried about your cholesterol, call your GP, or get help from a health professional.