Posted November 08, 2020 12:16:24 A new study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) suggests that people who don’t take a daily supplement of vitamins and minerals could suffer from depression, anxiety, or psychosis.
The study, which examined information from nearly 300,000 adults, found that people taking a daily multivitamin, B-vitamins, and/or zinc were at a greater risk of developing mental health problems and depression.
The researchers analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), which was conducted between 1995 and 2006.
The survey includes questions about mental health, drug and alcohol use, and family history of mental illness.
The study found that the higher the participants’ overall score on the mental health questions, the greater the risk of experiencing a mental health problem.
The authors also examined data from a broader set of questions, including those that assess how well people in the U.S. handle their depression, the researchers found.
In other words, those who scored higher on a mental wellbeing scale had a higher risk of depression, according to the study.
“People who are low on the B vitamins, zinc, or vitamin C are at a higher mental health risk,” said lead author Dr. John M. Miller, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center.
“People who have a high-quality diet, exercise, or low alcohol intake are at an even higher risk.”
For instance, if a person has a higher score on a question that questions how well a person handles stress and how well he or she feels, the person who scores higher on that question is at a slightly higher risk for depression, Miller said.
For those who score lower on the question, there is no evidence that the person scores lower on mental wellbeing, Miller added.
“It’s very difficult to know how a person will respond to these questions, so the answers you get are likely not necessarily accurate,” he said.
“If you have a low mental health score, your risk for developing a mental illness is much higher.
If you have high mental health scores, your rate of developing a psychotic episode is much lower,” Miller added, noting that the results of this study were based on self-reported data.
Researchers analyzed data collected by the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), which includes data from people 18 and older who have been in the past year.
The NESARC includes information on age, race, gender, education, income, and marital status.
According to the researchers, people who scored low on mental health questionnaires were about 10% more likely to develop a psychotic or depressive episode.
People who scored high on mental wellness questionnaires scored about 11% higher than people who did not.
“The study does not provide clear evidence of causality,” Miller said in a news release.
“However, it does suggest that the more mental health people have, the higher their risk for a psychotic and depressive episode.”
Researchers believe that more research is needed to confirm the findings, and the findings are important because they suggest that there is a link between mental health and risk for mental illness, Miller explained.
He said more research needs to be done to understand how the levels of mental wellbeing are related to the risk for psychotic and depression symptoms.
“I think that it’s important to be cautious with our recommendations,” Miller explained, adding that there are currently no clear guidelines for prescribing or using multivitamins.
He also emphasized that the findings do not mean that people should not take multivits.
They should be used to supplement their overall health and wellness, Miller noted.